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Data: Chinese Contracts in Africa

Chinese Contracts in africa


To access China-Africa contracts data, click here.

1. CARI Data Overview

In 2015, the gross annual revenues of Chinese companies' construction projects in Africa totaled US$55 billion. The top 5 countries are Algeria, Ethiopia, Angola, Kenya and Nigeria. These top 5 countries account for 48% of all Chinese companies’ 2015 construction project gross annual revenues in Africa; Algeria alone accounts for roughly 15.1%. Except for a slowdown in 2011, the gross annual revenues of Chinese companies' construction projects have been steadily increasing since 2000.

The number of Chinese workers in Africa by the end of 2015 is just over 263,000 according to official Chinese sources. This is an additional 4,289 workers than in 2014, which indicates that 2015 has a much slower growth rate than 2014 and 2013, each of which added 45,000 and 33,000 workers comparing to previous years. In 2015, the top 5 countries with Chinese workers are Algeria, Angola, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of Congo. These 5 countries are responsible for more than 60% of all Chinese workers in Africa at the end of 2015; Algeria alone accounts for more than 35%. These figures includes Chinese workers sent to work on Chinese companies’ construction contracts in Africa ("workers on contracted projects") and Chinese workers sent to work for non-Chinese companies in Africa ("workers doing labor services").


2. CARI contract Data compilation

CARI has compiled contract figures from all Chinese government sources to cover as many years as possible. The figures are converted to millions of US$. 

3. Existing Data

3.1 Official Sources
Several Chinese government sources report figures of Chinese contract values fulfilled abroad, but all sources report the same numbers. These sources include the China Statistical Yearbooks, the official website of the National Bureau of Statistics, the China Annual Bulletin of Statistics of Contracted Projects, Labor Cooperation with Foreign Countries, and the Almanac of China’s Foreign Economic Relations and Trade. All sources have matching figures, the difference being the range of years covered.

3.2 Other Efforts
There is currently no public database that CARI is aware of that reports on similar figures.